Category: Geopolitics

The quest for a more effective mechanism to enforce the value of the rule of law

In the realm of compliance and enforcement of values under Article 2 TEU, in particular of the rule of law, multiple solutions have been advanced by constitutional scholars. For instance, interesting to examine are the key academic proposals selected by Kochenov in this respect. Although these academic endeavours may provide policymakers with good food for…

Protecting the rule of law in the Member States: preventive, monitoring and sanctioning mechanisms

The EU’s proactivity in dealing with ‘rule of law-related’ matters is undisputed.As emphasised already, the EU actively engages in ensuring that candidate states comply with the rule of law before allowing their accession: this is done by enforcing the Copenhagen Criteria, which have become the customary law on membership. Nevertheless, it would be wrong to…

The new plunder

Africa is not poor, it was always a rich country. The first ones to understand this were the Europeans who, during the second half of the 19th century, initiated a process that today we define as modern colonialism or imperialism, aimed at exploiting the resources of the colonised countries. There was a real race to…

Upholding the rule of law in the Member States through EU law mechanisms: pure political fiction?

In the last couple of years, the EU has been faced with a new legal challenge: a ‘rule of law crisis’.Poland and Hungary are among the prime examples of Member States in which compliance with the value of the rule of law is questioned and allegations of breaches are being investigated. The paramount legal principle…

Syria: key events of 2018

Earlier this month, US President Donald Trump declared victory against ISIL and announced the withdrawal of approximately 2000 American troops from Syria – a move that has attracted controversy at home and abroad. His fellow Republicans have labelled it a ‘huge’ mistake that may lead to further insurgency, undermine efforts to counter Iranian and Russian influence in…

US imposes second round of sanctions to drive Iranian oil exports to zero

On November 5, 2018, the United States fully re-imposed the sanctions on Iran that had been lifted or waived under the JCPOA.  These are the toughest U.S. sanctions ever imposed on Iran, and will target critical sectors of Iran’s economy, such as the energy, shipping and shipbuilding, and financial sectors. The United States is engaged…